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Guide to restoring Performa Software (and guide for emulators)

This guide will show you how to restore the Performa software to the real Performa hardware or in emulators.

History of Apple Backup for Performa and Macintosh Performa CD

The first version of Apple Backup and Apple Restore were released in March 1992 along with Mac OS 7.0.1P and it was came with the Utilities floppy disk (equivalent to generic Disk Tools disk, but with Apple Restore application) and the hard disk copy floppy disks. It was used to back-up all of the data from damaging the data from hard drive and restoring the system software or documents in case of damage occurs. Starting with Mac OS 7.1P6, the Apple Backup and Apple Restore programs are updated with the minor fixes and more. It will also be the first Macintosh Performa restore utility included on the CD-ROM named Macintosh Performa CD, with two new programs are available for restoring Performa software from the CD-ROM called "Restore All Software" and "Restore System Software" and a simple booklet for instructions to restore from Performa CD. Starting the year 1995 (as of Performa 631CD restore CD), the Apple Backup and Apple Restore software has been discontinued and the software restore is available on the CD-ROM form only. In 1996, Apple also made the another restore CD called the Guided Tour CD. This CD is designed to restore interactive tutorial applications such as Macintosh Tutorial, Guided Tour, Mouse Basics and more. The last version of Performa CD before it was replaced with Apple Software Restore CDs is Power Mac 6500 series home edition with System 8.0.

How to restore the Performa software...

The Performa software can be used on the specific Performa model and there are some of the difficulties to restore its software in Macintosh emulators (like Basilisk II and SheepShaver). Below are the guidelines to restore the Performa software.

Choosing the correct Performa CD

In order to determine which Performa CD is suitable for the Performa model, look at the disc label that shows the corresponding model. Some Performa CDs are worked on the same model family. For example, if the Macintosh Performa CD label have an upper red text shows "5200 series", then the restore CD worked for any Performa 5200 series (5200cd, 5215cd, etc.) with basic bundle only (despite the discs for the corresponding model family such as 5215cd may have different bundles). Several Performa discs are also available in this site. You can find it in the site's Operating Systems section which include a CD image containing restore CD that matches from your Performa model, then download the CD image and burn into the CD and begin restoring your Performa software.

Restore the Performa software in the real Performa hardware model

In order to restore the all software in the real, vintage Mac Performa hardware, please follow these steps. This process is very recommended for real Macintosh hardware, you can also try this in your PowerBook/PowerMac/68K Mac.
  • Start the computer using the Performa CD (from the specific model) or the Performa Utilities bootable floppy disk.
  • Skip this step if the computer's hard disk has been already formatted but the system software or applications are damaged. Set up the hard disks first by using the Apple HD SC Setup, Internal HD Format (Performa 630 series only), or the Drive Setup application in the Launcher after the desktop appears.
  • After the desktop and launcher appears, open the Restore All Software application from the Launcher to restore all software in their original factory settings and applications from scratch. If you want to restore the system software due for the system is not running, open the Restore System Software application from the Launcher to restore the system software in their original factory settings from scratch. If you using the floppy version, open the Apple Backup application from the Utilities disk to restore software with the corresponding hard disk backup disks swapping.
  • Follow the instructions.
  • Then, restart the computer.

Restore the Performa software in emulators using the CD

While most Performa pre-installed software (and sometimes, its System Software) are worked in emulators such as Basilisk II (for 68K Performas) and SheepShaver (PPC Performas), the restore method like Restore All Software, Restore System Software, and Apple Restore application does not work because these emulators are using the ROM routine patch to identified the hard disks as non-SCSI and large floppy disks, known as internal drive. By the way, here are the trick to restore the Performa software manually for use of emulators. Also, most restore CDs does not boot from restore CD or hard disk (after restore the software) successfully in emulators, so let's take a look at the compatibility list below: - If the Performa CD is for 5xx or 63x, the restore CD or hard disk will boot in Basilisk II and vMac, but not SheepShaver (7.5.3 update required). - If the Performa CD is for 611x, 5xxx, 6xxx, the restore CD or hard disk will not boot in all emulators unless the System file is replaced to add 68K code from Mac OS 7.5 (excluding 6320cd+) or to update 7.5.3 or 7.5.5. - If the Performa CD is for 54xx and 64xx, the restore CD or hard disk will boot in SheepShaver, but not Basilisk II and vMac (7.5.5 update required). - If the Restore CD is for 4400, the restore CD or hard disk will not boot in all emulators unless the System file is updated to 7.6.1. - If the Restore CD is for 5500 and 6500, the restore CD or hard disk will boot in all emulators without sufficient restrictions. Here are the steps how to restore the Performa software in emulators:
  • Start the emulator by booting from the Performa CD (Any specific model, but you need to check the compatibility list above which restore CD is boot or not in emulators) or the Performa Utilities/Disk Tools floppy (if needed).
  • Open the Hard Disk Files or Hard Disk folder (depending which language of Performa CD that you have) on the Performa CD directory and copy all of the folders to the Hard Disk.
  • Rename these folders (depending which language of Performa CD that you have): Applications Items -> Applications Apple Extras Items -> Apple Extras Documents Items -> Documents System Folder Items -> System Folder
  • Make the alias of Launcher control panel to the desktop (via Performa Hard Disk) and place/make alias the Documents folder from the Hard Disk to the desktop.
  • If the Performa CDs has the Apple Telecom software, please deactivate or remove the Express Modem control panel, the Apple Telecom Status on the Apple Menu Items folder, and some Apple Telecom extensions.
  • After that, restart the computer.

Restore the Performa software in emulators using CD without Hard Disk Files folder or floppy

Some Macintosh Performa CDs (such as Performa 630 series DOS restore CD) does not contain the "Hard Disk Files" folder due for technical and space reasons and most old Performas (like LC III Performas) use the floppy version of Apple Restore applications. These methods are not compatible by Basilisk II, however there are some working steps below to restore the Performa Software on Basilisk II for Microsoft Windows. If you're using Windows
  • Download the SoftMac XP and prepare the default configuration. You need the valid ROM image file. Prepare the unformatted 250MB or higher .dsk SoftMac hard disk file. Also, use the HFVExplorer to make the 300MB Macintosh .HFV file as the Basilisk II hard disk.
  • Open the Disk Configuration. Use the restore CD or the Utilities disk as the internal floppy and read-only CD-ROM. Use the Basilisk II hard disk as the external floppy. Use the .dsk file as the SCSI 0.
  • Follow the instructions using the real Performa restore method.
  • After restoring the Performa software on the SCSI 0 hard disk image, copy all the files and folders from the newly-restored Performa hard disk to the Basilisk II hard disk.
  • Done.
If you using Mac OS X on Intel Macs

Comments

mcdermd's picture
by mcdermd - 2012, June 6 - 8:40pm

I grabbed the 6200CD disc image, burned it with Toast 5.2.3 in OS 9.2.2 but I do not see a system folder on the CD and it does not boot my actual Performa 6200CD. Am I missing something?

Fortuna Wave's picture
by Fortuna Wave - 2011, December 14 - 6:28pm

Need to find more hard disk images that is from Performa software.

Fortuna Wave's picture
by Fortuna Wave - 2011, April 1 - 11:18am

Note about the Apple Restoration CDs: It uses the special installer, which uses to restore to the factory configuration. Inside the Volume III 06-94 has the Performa hard disk configurations and the 7.1.2P Utilities disk image.

IIGS_User's picture
by IIGS_User - 2010, October 21 - 4:44pm

Regarding emulators (and somethin' else),
I've zipped all the hard disk images in use... Smile

Balrog's picture
by Balrog - 2010, October 20 - 3:40pm

FuseHFS works well, but be sure to back up your data. It has destroyed partitions a few times for me.

IIGS_User's picture
by IIGS_User - 2010, September 1 - 4:16pm

Yes, FuseHFS is a very interesting piece of software...

Balrog's picture
by Balrog - 2010, September 1 - 4:22am

How about using FuseHFS on OSX?